Book of Mormon
Lesson 43
“How Could Ye Have Departed from the Ways of the Lord?”

Lesson Highlights

A study of this lesson will help us see the importance of living according to gospel principles despite the increasing wickedness in the world.

Scripture references for study:  Mormon 1–6; Moroni 9
    Note: Underlined scripture references have been hyperlinked to the LDS Scriptures at and will open in a new window.

Lesson 43 Handout (PDF)


After the Savior's visit, the Nephites lived in a Zion society.

After nearly 200 years, this society began a pattern of decline (see 4 Nephi).

Mormon 1

The word Mormon.

Mormon's narrative of important events early in his life.

Mormon 2

At the age of sixteen Mormon was appointed general of the Nephite armies (v2).

"But behold, the land was filled with robbers and with Lamanites; and notwithstanding the great destruction which hung over my people, they did not repent of their evil doings; therefore there was blood and carnage spread throughout all the face of the land, both on the part of the Nephites and also on the part of the Lamanites; and it was one complete revolution throughout all the face of the land" (v8).

READ MORMON 2:10-15.

Mormon says that he was able to arouse the Nephites "somewhat to vigor" and they had a successful campaign against the Lamanites. They made a treaty with the Lamanites and the Gadianton robbers.

Mormon 3

Mormon says that the people refused to acknowledge that it was the Lord that had spared them and "granted them a chance for repentance" (v3).

Mormon says that he did "utterly refuse" to lead the Nephite armies (v11).

Mormon says that the people did swear before the heavens that they would avenge themselves of the blood of their brethren (v9).

Mormon 4

The wars continue.

In another battle the Nephites were able to drive the Lamanites back and they "did boast in their strength" (v8).

Mormon said of the declining situation: "And it is impossible for the tongue to describe, or for man to write a perfect description of the horrible scene of the blood and carnage which was among the people, both of the Nephites and of the Lamanites; and every heart was hardened, so that they delighted in the shedding of blood continually" (v11).

The Lamanites came down to war and from this time the Nephites could have no power over the Lamanites and they "began to be swept off by them even as a dew before the sun" (v17-18).

Mormon 5

Mormon says that he once again took command of the Nephite armies (see Mormon 5:1).


Mormon 6

Mormon writes the king of the Lamanites desiring that he gather his people to the land of Cumorah (v2).

Mormon buried all the records he had been entrusted with in the hill Cumorah except for these few plates which he gave to his son Moroni (v6).

The last battle and Mormon's lament.

Moroni 9 - A Letter From Mormon To Moroni


"My son, be faithful in Christ; and may not the things which I have written grieve thee, to weigh thee down unto death; but may Christ lift thee up, and may his sufferings and death, and the showing his body unto our fathers, and his mercy and long-suffering, and the hope of his glory and of eternal life, rest in your mind forever. And may the grace of God the Father, whose throne is high in the heavens, and our Lord Jesus Christ, who sitteth on the right hand of his power, until all things shall become subject unto him, be, and abide with you forever. Amen." (Moroni 9:25-26)

Gospel Doctrine Notebook

Record your thoughts on the events discussed in this lesson. How did you feel as you read about the destruction of the Nephite nation? What lessons can you apply to your life?

Resources Used In This Lesson


History of the Church (HC).

Men and Women of Christ by Neal A. Maxwell.

Mormon Doctrine by Bruce R. McConkie.

The Miracle of Forgiveness by Spencer W. Kimball.

Next Lesson

Return to: The Gospel Doctrine Class

Page created by: Please E-Mail comments.
Changes last made on:  19 September 2016