Doctrine & Covenants/Church History
“Remember the New Covenant, Even the
Book of Mormon”
Joseph Smith's preparation to receive and translate the Book of Mormon.
The miracle of the Book of Mormon's preservation.
Witnesses of the Book of Mormon.
Our duty to "remember the new covenant, even the Book of Mormon."
A study of this lesson will help us recognize the Lord’s hand in the coming
forth of the Book of Mormon and encourage us to study the Book of Mormon, follow
its teachings, and share it with others.
Scripture references for study:
Doctrine and Covenants 3;
Our Heritage, pages 5–10
Note: Underlined scripture references have been hyperlinked
to the LDS Scriptures at LDS.org and will open in a new window.
Lesson 4 Handout (PDF)
Joseph & Moroni
With Joseph Smith's First Vision, the door to truth and knowledge from
the heavens was beginning to open. The light of truth was about to
be lit. The great war that began in the pre-mortal realm, and has
continued through the dispensations of time, was about to take on a new
phase. The time had come to prepare the world for the second coming
of the Savior. The time had come to dispense the eternal gospel to
all honest seekers of truth. For nearly two millennia, the Adversary
had reigned. Darkness had enshrouded the world. Satan would
seek to destroy those who would attempt to shine the light of truth. There is no question that Joseph Smith was the number one target, for it
was he that was foreordained before the foundations of this world to be
the instrument through which the Lord would restore all that had been lost
and offer eternal salvation and exaltation to all mankind.
We see in Joseph's account of the First Vision that the adversary knew
that young Joseph was the one chosen to be the conduit for restoring truth. Wrote Joseph:
kneeled down and began to offer up the desires of my heart to God. I had
scarcely done so, when immediately I was seized upon by some power which
entirely overcame me, and had such an astonishing influence over me as
to bind my tongue so that I could not speak. Thick darkness gathered around
me, and it seemed to me for a time as if I were doomed to sudden destruction"
(JS-History 1:15). So great was this power that Joseph was about "to
sink into despair and abandon myself to destruction—not to an imaginary
ruin, but to the power of some actual being from the unseen world,
who had such marvelous power as I had never before felt in any being"
(JS-History 1:16). It was at this moment of despair that the powers
of darkness fled and the Father and the Son appeared to young Joseph.
Joseph continued his account: "It seems
as though the adversary was aware, at a very early period of my life, that
I was destined to prove a disturber and an annoyer of his kingdom; else
why should the powers of darkness combine against me? Why the opposition
and persecution that arose against me, almost in my infancy?" (JS-History
Joseph's mother writes of an incident that must
have occurred prior to Joseph's vision. I believe it is an indication
of the forces that were gathering to fight against the opening of the Dispensation
of the Fulness of Times. Writes mother Smith: "At
the age of fourteen an incident occurred which alarmed us much, as we knew
not the cause of it. Joseph being a remarkably quiet, well-disposed child,
we did not suspect that any one had aught against him. He was out one evening
on an errand, and, on returning home, as he was passing through the dooryard,
a gun was fired across his pathway with the evident intention of shooting
him. He sprang to the door much frightened. We immediately went in search
of the assassin, but could find no trace of him that evening. The next
morning we found his tracks under a wagon where he lay when he fired, and
the following day we found the balls which were discharged from the gun,
lodged in the head and neck of a cow that was standing opposite the wagon
in a dark corner. We have not as yet discovered the man who made this attempt
at murder, neither can we discover the cause thereof." (History of Joseph
Smith by His Mother, p67-68)
As we now observe the opening of this great latter-day work, we continue
to see the battle that is being waged by Satan, a battle that continues
even in our day.
Joseph continues his story.
"I continued to pursue my common vocations in
life until the twenty-first of September, one thousand eight hundred and
twenty-three, all the time suffering severe persecution at the hands of
all classes of men, both religious and irreligious, because I continued
to affirm that I had seen a vision." (JS-History 1:27)
Why is it that one is persecuted for telling the truth? Again, we
see the hand of the adversary fighting against young Joseph for simply
telling people of his experience. Are we ever ridiculed, belittled,
or even persecuted for sharing our beliefs?
HOW CAN WE REMAIN TRUE TO OUR TESTIMONIES EVEN WHEN WE FACE PERSECUTION?
It would be interesting to know more of Joseph's life between the First
Vision and Moroni's visit. Says Joseph: "I
was left to all kinds of temptations; and, mingling with all kinds of society,
I frequently fell into many foolish errors, and displayed the weakness
of youth, and the foibles of human nature; which, I am sorry to say, led
me into divers temptations, offensive in the sight of God. In making this
confession, no one need suppose me guilty of any great or malignant sins.
A disposition to commit such was never in my nature. But I was guilty of
levity, and sometimes associated with jovial company, etc., not consistent
with that character which ought to be maintained by one who was called
of God as I had been. But this will not seem very strange to any one who
recollects my youth, and is acquainted with my native cheery temperament."
Though Joseph had experienced a remarkable vision, nonetheless he still
fell prey to the levity of youth. This bothered him. "In
consequence of these things, I often felt condemned for my weakness and
imperfections; when, on the evening of the above-mentioned twenty-first
of September, after I had retired to my bed for the night, I betook myself
to prayer and supplication to Almighty God for forgiveness of all my sins
and follies, and also for a manifestation to me, that I might know of my
state and standing before him; for I had full confidence in obtaining a
divine manifestation, as I previously had one." (JS-History 1:29)
WHAT HAPPENED NEXT?
Summarize Joseph's experience from the night of September 23rd
(see JS-History 1:30-53).
The appearance of Moroni in Joseph's bedroom (v30-33).
Moroni announced that God had a work for Joseph to perform (v33).
Moroni tells Joseph of the gold plates containing the fulness
of the gospel as delivered by the Savior to the ancient inhabitants of
American continent (v34).
Moroni quotes Malachi, Isaiah, and other Biblical scriptures (v36-41).
At the time when Joseph receives the plates, he is instructed
not to show them, nor the Urim and Thummim, to any person (v42).
Moroni concludes his visit (v43).
Moroni returns for a second visit and restates that which had
been given in his first visit and adds that great judgments are coming (v44).
Moroni returns for a third visit and repeats the same information
and counsels Joseph that Satan would tempt him to use the plates for gain,
but he was not to do so (v46).
The following morning, Joseph goes out to work with his father. He is so exhausted that his father sends him home for rest. He collapses
and then is once again visited by Moroni and given additional instructions
Joseph visits the hill and views the plates in the presence
of Moroni (v50-53).
How did Joseph's father respond when Joseph told him of Moroni's visit?
"I returned to my father in the field, and rehearsed
the whole matter to him. He replied to me that it was of God, and
told me to go and do as commanded by the messenger." (JS-History
WHAT DOES THIS SUGGEST ABOUT JOSEPH'S INTEGRITY AND TRUSTWORTHINESS? WHAT DOES THIS TELL US ABOUT HIS FATHER?
We see from this incident, as well as the Joseph's encounter with his mother
following the First Vision, the absolute integrity Joseph possessed, even
as a youth. Joseph must never have done anything to have his parents
and family question his word. Clearly, this was a family that had
been raised up and prepared to support the Lord's instrument of restoration.
Joseph Smith Receives The Plates
Annual visits to the Hill Cumorah 1823-1827.
As instructed by the Angel Moroni, Joseph returned to the hill each year
in September to receive additional teaching and instructions.
"Accordingly, as I had been commanded, I went
at the end of each year, and at each time I found the same messenger there,
and received instruction and intelligence from him at each of our interviews,
respecting what the Lord was going to do, and how and in what manner his
kingdom was to be conducted in the last days." (JS-History 1:54)
During this period of preparation, Joseph was instructed by many of the
Lord's servants from previous dispensations.
In his letter to John Wentworth, Joseph wrote of "many
visits from the angels of God unfolding the majesty and glory of the events
that should transpire in the last days" (HC, 4:537).
According to John Taylor, the Prophet "not only
had the principles developed but was conversant with the parties who officiated
as the leading men" in former ages (JD, 20:174-175).
Consider the words of Joseph's mother:
"We continued to get the children together
every evening for the purpose of listening while he gave us a relation
of the same. I presume our family presented an aspect as singular as any
that ever lived upon the face of the earth--all seated in a circle, father,
mother, sons and daughters, and giving the most profound attention to a
boy, eighteen years of age, who had never read the Bible through in his
life: he seemed much less inclined to the perusal of books than any other
the rest of our children, but far more given to meditation and deep study.
"During our evening conversations,
Joseph would occasionally give us some of the most amusing recitals that
could be imagined. He would describe the ancient inhabitants of this continent,
their dress, mode of traveling, and the animals upon which they rode; their
cities, their buildings, with every particular; their mode of warfare;
and also their religious worship. This he would do with as much ease, seemingly,
as if he had spent his whole life among them." (History of Joseph
Smith by His Mother, pp82-83)
In 1825, the Smith family made the acquaintance of Josiah (Stoal) Stowell
from Chenango County, New York. He came into the Smith neighborhood for
the purchase of wheat and flour.
He heard about Joseph Smith and the discovery of the gold plates. He sought
out the Smith family and made a proposal to Joseph to come down to his
home county and search for a buried treasure.
- Joseph convinced Stowell that he had no powers to find hidden treasure.
Stowell liked Joseph and offered him employment, which Joseph needed and
While employed by Stowell in the Susquehanna country, Joseph boarded and roomed
with Isaac Hale in Harmony, Pennsylvania. Isaac and Elizabeth Hale had nine
children. Emma was the seventh child and third daughter.
- Against her parent's opposition, Emma married Joseph in January 1827 in
the village of South Bainbridge, New York.
Joseph prevailed on Stowell to give up the search for buried treasure.
He continued to work for Stowell on his farm in Chenango Country and also
for Joseph Knight in Broome County.
After marrying Emma, Joseph returned to his father's farm, where he worked
for the next season.
Joseph receives the plates.
On the morning of September 22, 1827, Joseph returned to the Hill Cumorah
where he received the ancient Nephite record from the angel Moroni.
- Moroni gave the following charge to Joseph (see JS-History 1:59): "...the
same heavenly messenger delivered them up to me with this charge: that
I should be responsible for them; that if I should let them go carelessly,
or through any neglect of mine, I should be cut off; but that if I would
use all my endeavors to preserve them, until he, the messenger, should
call for them, they should be protected."
Joseph Smith: "I soon found out the reason
why I had received such strict charges to keep them safe, and why it was
that the messenger had said that when I had done what was required at my
hand, he would call for them. For no sooner was it known that I had
them, than the most strenuous exertions were used to get them from me. Every stratagem that could be invented was resorted to for that purpose. The persecution became more bitter and severe than before, and multitudes
were on the alert continually to get them from me if possible."
One Willard Chase, a Methodist Sunday School leader, organized a group
of twelve men to obtain the plates from Joseph. The Prophet's father learned
of the plans and hurried to Macedon, where Joseph was working, to advise
him of the conspiracy.
Joseph left Macedon and hurried to the woods where he had hidden the plates
in a hollow log. He removed the plates and concealed them in his coat.
On the path to his house, he was attacked by three men. He knocked the
men down and barely escaped.
The plates were placed in a wooden box and placed under the stones of the
hearth. No sooner had the plates been secured when the house was rushed
by an armed mob. The men in the house rushed out in such fury that they
hoped to scare the mob off, which they were successful in doing.
Many other attempts were made to get the plates from young Joseph. Said
Joseph: "Several times I was shot at, and very
narrowly escaped, and every device was made use of to get the plates away
from me." (HC, 4:538)
The persecution became so great, that Joseph and Emma decided to leave
the Palmyra area. No work of translation could be done in this atmosphere.
Martin Harris, a Smith neighbor, took interest in Joseph's story and gave
Joseph and Emma $50 to enable them to return to Emma's home in Harmony,
- During this trip, the plates were hid in the bottom of a cask of beans.
The translation begins.
Joseph and Emma were furnished two rooms in the Hale home in Harmony.
It was here that Joseph began to study the characters on the plates by
using the Urim and Thummim.
Joseph refused to show Emma's father, Isaac Hale, the plates. Isaac
would not allow Joseph to continue in his house. Joseph and Emma
purchased thirteen and one-half acres of land, with a shanty on it, where
they moved and Joseph began the first stages of translation.
In the month of February 1828, Martin Harris visited Joseph and Emma in
Harmony. Martin took a copy of the characters, along with their translation,
to New York City.
Summarize Martin Harris' visit to New York. (See
WHAT PROPHECY DID THIS INCIDENT FULFILL? (Isaiah 29:11-12)
Neither Anthon or Mitchell could interpret the characters. The ability
to translate ancient Egyptian was just beginning through the work of a
French scholar by the name of Jean Francois Champollion and his work with
the Rosetta stone discovered in 1799.
The transcript taken by Harris has been preserved. It was attached
to the last sheet of the Book of Mormon manuscript, which was retained
by David Whitmer. Study of the transcript has been made and nearly
every character copied from the plates was found to have been used at some
time in Egyptian writing.
In addition to the fulfillment of ancient prophecy, the most significant
development from this incident is that it more fully convinced Martin Harris
of the validity of the work in which Joseph was involved.
Book of Mormon Translation at LDS.org for information on the translation of
the Book of Mormon.
The Lost Manuscript
Martin returned to Harmony to assist Joseph in the translation.
On April 12, 1828, Martin became the Prophet's scribe. By June 14 they
had completed 116 pages.
Martin Harris wished to show the translation to his wife. It seems
that she had been badgering Martin about his support and work with
Joseph. Joseph inquired of the Lord three times before Martin was
given a positive answer. Martin was given very specific conditions. He was to show the manuscript to his wife and four other specific persons.
Wrote Joseph: "After much solicitation I
again inquired of the Lord, and permission was granted him to have the
writings on certain conditions; which were, that he show them only to his
brother, Preserved Harris, his own wife, his father and his mother, and
a Mrs. Cobb, a sister to his wife. In accordance with this last answer,
I required of him that he should bind himself in a covenant to me in a
most solemn manner that he would not do otherwise than had been directed.
He did so. He bound himself as I required of him, took the writings, and
went his way." (HC, 1:20-21)
Shortly after Martin left with the manuscript, Emma had a child which lived
only a short time.
Emma was so distraught over the loss of the child that Joseph remained
by her side for two weeks. Emma's life hung in the balance.
As Emma began to recover Joseph became increasingly concerned over the
manuscript. Three weeks had passed and Joseph had heard nothing from
Emma had Joseph bring her mother to stay with her. He then left for
Palmyra to find out about the manuscript.
Joseph was tired from the vigil by his wife's side and the worry over the
manuscript. A stranger assisted Joseph in getting to the home of his parents.
"His condition was such that it greatly aroused
the sympathy of a gentleman fellow passenger, who, when Joseph left the
stage coach, to make his way on foot to his father's home, his fellow passenger,
though a stranger, insisted upon accompanying him, which he did."
Mother Smith's account of the lost manuscript:
"When Joseph had taken a little nourishment, according
to the directions of the stranger, he requested us to send immediately
for Mr. Harris. This we did without delay. And when we had given
the stranger his breakfast, we commenced preparing breakfast for the family;
and we supposed that Mr. Harris would be there, as soon as it was ready,
to eat with us, for he generally came in such haste when he was sent for. At eight o'clock we set the victuals on the table, as we were expecting
him every moment. We waited till nine, and he came not--till ten,
and he was not there--till eleven, still he did not make his appearance.
But at half past twelve we saw him walking with a slow and measured tread
towards the house, his eyes fixed thoughtfully upon the ground. On
coming to the gate, he stopped, instead of passing through, and got upon
the fence, and sat there some time with his hat drawn over his eyes. At length he entered the house. Soon after which we sat down to the
table, Mr. Harris with the rest. He took up his knife and fork as
if he were going to use them, but immediately dropped them. Hyrum,
observing this, said 'Martin, why do you not eat; are you sick?' Upon which
Mr. Harris pressed his hands upon his temples, and cried out in a tone
of deep anguish, 'Oh, I have lost my soul! I have lost my soul!'
"Joseph who had
not expressed his fears till now, sprang from the table, exclaiming, 'Martin,
have you lost that manuscript? Have you broken your oath, and brought
down condemnation upon my head as well as your own?'
"'Yes; it is gone,'
replied Martin, 'and I know not where.'
"'Oh, my God!' said
Joseph, clinching his hands. 'All is lost! all is lost! What shall I do?
I have sinned--it is I who tempted the wrath of God. I should have been
satisfied with the first answer which I received from the Lord; for he
told me that it was not safe to let the writing go out of my possession.'
He wept and groaned, and walked the floor continually.
"At length he told
Martin to go back and search again.
"'No'; said Martin,
'it is all in vain; for I have ripped open beds and pillows; and I know
it is not there.'
"'Then must I,' said Joseph,
'return with such a tale as this? I dare not do it. And how
shall I appear before the Lord? Of what rebuke am I not worthy from
the angel of the Most High?'
"I besought him
not to mourn so, for perhaps the Lord would forgive him, after a short
season of humiliation and repentance. But what could I do to comfort
him, when he saw all the family in the same situation of mind as himself;
for sobs and groans, and the most bitter lamentations filled the house. However, Joseph was more distressed than the rest, as he better understood
the consequences of disobedience. And he continued pacing back and
forth, meantime weeping and grieving, until about sunset, when, by persuasion,
he took a little nourishment.
"The next morning,
he set out for home. We parted with heavy hearts, for it now appeared
that all which we had so fondly anticipated, and which had been the source
of so much secret gratification, had in a moment fled, and fled forever." (History
of Joseph Smith by His Mother, p127-129)
Joseph said: "Immediately after my return home,
I was walking out a little distance, when, behold, the former heavenly
messenger appeared and handed to me the Urim and Thummim again--for it
had been taken from me in consequence of my having wearied the Lord in
asking for the privilege of letting Martin Harris take the writings...and
I inquired of the Lord through it, and obtained the following: [Section
3]." (HC, 1:21-22)
Joseph was told in this revelation of the loss of his gift and why.
There is important counsel here for all of us.
Remember what Nephi said: "I did liken all scriptures
unto us, that it might be for our profit and learning." (1 Nephi 19:23)
Even though the Lord is addressing Joseph in these verses, it is solemn
counsel and a warning for all of us.
The Lord has told us to "pray always" (D&C 19:38).
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PRAYING "ALWAYS" AND DOING WHAT JOSEPH AND
MARTIN DID WHEN THEY PERSISTED WITH THEIR REQUEST TO SHOW THE 116 MANUSCRIPT
PAGES TO MARTIN'S WIFE?
"Wherefore, brethren, seek not to
counsel the Lord, but to take counsel from his hand." (Jacob 4:10)
HOW CAN WE LEARN TO ASK FOR THAT "WHICH IS RIGHT" FOR US?
"And whatsoever ye shall ask the
Father in my name, which is right, believing that ye shall receive, behold
it shall be given unto you." (3 Nephi 18:20)
Did Joseph believe it was right? No. Wrote Joseph: "I
did inquire, and the answer was that he must not. However, he was not satisfied
with this answer, and desired that I should inquire again. I did so, and
the answer was as before. Still he could not be contented, but insisted
that I should inquire once more. After much solicitation I again inquired
of the Lord, and permission was granted him to have the writings on certain
conditions" (HC, 1:20-21)
If we listen to the Spirit, we will know what is right to ask for.
"For, behold, you should not have feared
man more than God." (v7)
ARE WE EVER GUILTY OF THIS? DOESN'T THIS INCIDENT TEACH THE FOLLY
OF SUCH AN ATTITUDE?
HOW CAN WE OVERCOME THE FEAR OF MAN?
"Yet you should have been faithful;
and he would have extended his arm and supported you against all the fiery
darts of the adversary; and he would have been with you in every time of
"But remember, God is merciful; therefore, repent
of that which thou hast done which is contrary to the commandment which
I gave you, and thou art still chosen, and art again called to the work."
WHAT LESSON CAN WE LEARN FROM THIS VERSE AND THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET?
We may mess up big time, but the Lord is merciful, and we can repent and
take up our calling in life. Joseph did and so have many others.
Brother Ivan J. Barrett wrote of this experience: "Grievous
as the experience was, it proved to be the lesson Joseph Smith needed in
his youth to strengthen him and fortify him against temptations that would
later beset his path.
"It taught him to hearken
to the inspiration that came to him and not to yield to the persuasions
"It taught him to be cautious
in trusting men, for few could be depended upon.
"It also taught him that
more than one copy of valuable documents should be made. In the future
he made duplicate copies of all important manuscripts." (Joseph
Smith and the Restoration, p84)
Disposition of the manuscript.
The testimonies of Pomeroy Tucker and Reverend Clark indicate that
Martin's wife snatched the manuscript while her husband slept.
Mother Smith said this: "There is no
doubt but Mrs. Harris took it from the drawer, with the view of retaining
it until another translation should be given, then to alter the original
translation, for the purpose of showing a discrepancy between them, and
thus make the whole appear to be a deception." (History of Joseph
Smith by His Mother, p131)
Joseph Smith: "After I had obtained the above
revelation [Section 3], both the plates and the Urim and Thummin were taken
from me again: but in a few days they were returned to me, when I inquired
of the Lord, and the Lord said thus unto me: [Section 10]."
This section was given some time later in the summer of 1828.
The Lord begins by telling Joseph that the gift of translation was restored
D&C 10:4-5. Wise counsel from the Lord.
Several years ago I determined that I wanted to run a marathon. For
one who had not been running, this was a major undertaking. I learned
in my early training that strength would slowly build. After wearing myself out and enduring hip pain, I learned
run faster or labor more" than I had strength. Patience and consistency
was the key to preparing for a marathon and so it is with our spiritual
lives. We need to do what we can in the moment we are living. We cannot do it all at once, we simply must
"be diligent unto the end"
D&C 10:9-12. The wicked have altered the
words of the translation.
Again we note, as described in these verses, that Satan is battling to
confound the work.
In is vital for us to realize the reality of the battle Satan is waging
against us and the work of salvation.
Much of this section discusses the efforts of Satan to destroy the work.
As we continue through Church history, we see ample evidence of his attempt
to stop the work of salvation. In fact, it would be interesting to chronicle
these events. We are engaged in a battle without parallel.
In verse 30 the Lord commands Joseph to not retranslate those plates.
He goes on to say: "For, behold, they shall not accomplish their
evil designs in lying against those words." (v31)
D&C 10:38-42. Instructions regarding the
WHAT DOES THE ACCOUNT OF THE LOST MANUSCRIPT PAGES TEACH ABOUT THE LORD'S
HOW CAN THIS KNOWLEDGE HELP US WHEN WE EXPERIENCE SETBACKS AND DISAPPOINTMENTS?
Witnesses of the Book of Mormon
See Lesson 4 Supplement -
OF THE GOLD PLATES.
Though the Witnesses described in the supplement each had the opportunity
to see the Gold Plates, we are also witnesses of this great book because
of the testimony we have received through the witness of the Spirit.
President Gordon B. Hinckley: "The strength
of the Church is not in … its thousands of houses of worship across the
world, nor in its universities. … The strength of this church lies in the
hearts of its people, in the individual testimony and conviction of the
truth of this work." (Ensign, Jul 1973, p49)
Remember the New Covenant, Even the Book of Mormon
WHY WAS THE CHURCH UNDER CONDEMNATION?
Many of the early Saints had "treated lightly" the things which they had
received, particularly the Book of Mormon.
WHAT DID THE SAINTS NEED TO DO TO HAVE THE CONDEMNATION LIFTED?
They needed to remember the Book of Mormon, that which they had taken so
President Ezra Taft Benson: "If the early
Saints were rebuked for treating the Book of Mormon lightly, are we under
any less condemnation if we do the same?" (Ensign, Nov 1986,
President Benson: "The Lord is not pleased
with us in the manner of attention we’re giving the Book of Mormon, a new
witness for Christ. We need it in our homes, we need it in our families. It was written for us today." (Church News, 9 Nov 1986, p10).
- HOW ARE WE TREATING THE BOOK OF MORMON? ARE WE ALSO UNDER CONDEMNATION?
AS A CHURCH? AS FAMILIES? AS INDIVIDUALS?
- WHAT DO WE NEED TO DO? WHAT ARE SOME OF THE THINGS YOU ARE DOING
AS INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES?
Photographs from my trip to Palmyra, New York in 2010
Replica of Smith family cabin where Moroni appeared to Joseph
Replica of Smith family cabin
The Hill Cumorah
Grandin Print Shop and Bookstore
Printing press in the Grandin Print Shop
Printed sheets of the Book of Mormon - drying prior to cutting
Gospel Doctrine Notebook
Record your thoughts on the coming forth of the Book of Mormon. What can
you do to avoid the "condemnation" referred to in the Doctrine and Covenants
and by President Benson?
Resources Used In This Lesson
A Comprehensive History of the Church by B.H. Roberts (CHC).
History of Joseph Smith by His Mother, Lucy Mack Smith.
History of the Church (HC).
Joseph Smith and the Restoration by Ivan J. Barrett.
Journal of Discourses (JD).
Gospel Doctrine Class
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Changes last made on:
06 January 2017