Doctrine & Covenants/Church History
“Go Ye into All the World, and Preach My
The Lord poured out great blessings during the Kirtland period.
The Saints in Kirtland made great sacrifices to share the gospel.
Members of the Quorum of the Twelve taught thousands in England.
Many Saints in Kirtland remained valiant despite persecution.
A study of this lesson will inspire us to follow the example of the Kirtland
Saints who made great sacrifices to share the gospel and remained steadfast
during times of adversity.
Scripture references for study:
Member Study Guide
Note: Underlined scripture references have been hyperlinked
to the LDS Scriptures at LDS.org and will open in a new window.
Lesson 26 Handout (PDF)
The Kirtland Period - A Time of Restoration
The Kirtland period of Church history might be likened to our childhood. The Church was born in New York, but shortly moved to Ohio. In Ohio
the Church grew and became better organized. Many revelations were
received and important keys restored. As the Kirtland period grew
to a close, in some ways it was like a rebellious teenager. The Church
went through a period of challenge and tribulation. Many fell away,
but many others were strengthened by the trials and helped the Church continue
to move forward.
WHAT ARE SOME OF THE SIGNIFICANT EVENTS AND REVELATIONS OF THE KIRTLAND
A Kirtland Timeline:
||The gospel first preached in the Kirtland area
by Oliver Cowdery, Peter Whitmer, Jr., Parley P. Pratt, and Ziba Peterson. Sidney Rigdon, Edward Partridge, and Frederick G. Williams were among the
converts as a result of this missionary journey.
||The Church commanded to gather in Ohio (D&C
||Joseph Smith moves to Kirtland.
||Edward Partridge called as first bishop of the
Church (D&C 41).
||The Lord revealed his law by which the Church
was to be governed (D&C 42).
||First High Priests ordained at a conference of
||Preparations begun for the publication of the
Book of Commandments.
||Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon - vision of the
degrees of glory (D&C 76).
||Revelation on the priesthood (D&C 84).
||School of the Prophets opened.
||The Word of Wisdom revealed (D&C 89).
||The First Presidency organized.
||Work begins on the Kirtland Temple.
||Organization of the High Council (D&C 102).
||Zion's Camp leaves Kirtland to aid the Missouri
||The Quorum of the Twelve organized.
||The First Quorum of Seventy organized.
||The Kirtland Temple dedicated (D&C 109).
||Important priesthood keys restored in the
Kirtland Temple (D&C 110).
||Heber C. Kimball called to lead the first
mission to England.
- In addition to those revelations noted above, Sections 1, 43-56, 63-75,
77-81, 85-88, 90-99, 101, 103-104, 106-108, 112, and 133 were also revealed
in Ohio during this period.
- Most of Joseph's inspired revision of the Bible was done during the Kirtland
Go Ye Into All The World
Church expansion during the Kirtland period included the expansion of the
missionary work in the United States, Canada, and England.
Shortly after moving from New York to Ohio (February 1831), the Lord spoke
to the Prophet: "And ye shall go forth in
the power of my Spirit, preaching my gospel, two by two, in my name, lifting
up your voices as with the sound of a trump, declaring my word like unto
angels of God" (D&C 42:6).
In December 1832, the Lord issued this commandment: "Behold,
I sent you out to testify and warn the people, and it becometh every man
who hath been warned to warn his neighbor" (D&C 88:81).
As noted above, the Church took root in Ohio after the visit of the Oliver
Cowdery, Parley Pratt, Peter Whitmer, Jr., and Ziba Peterson. The
missionary zeal of these elders became the catalyst for many baptisms. Their enthusiasm and spirit affected others.
John Murdock was converted during this period. He was baptized, confirmed,
ordained an elder, and began missionary work all within a week. As
well as traveling to Missouri, John preached the gospel to the eastern
communities of Cuyahoga County and baptized about seventy Ohioans within
four months. John served a one year mission with Zebedee
Coltrin from April 1833 to April 1834. Other members cared for his
family while he was engaged in missionary work.
Levi Hancock heard the gospel in Mayfield, Ohio. He followed the
missionaries to Kirtland where he was baptized by Parley Pratt. A
few days later he was ordained an elder and returned to his home in Rome,
Ohio, and began holding meetings where he shared the gospel.
It is interesting how the conversion of one person leads to the conversion
of another and then another, until many have been been brought into the
gospel family. Many such stories came out of the Kirtland era.
Jared Carter left his home in Chenango, New York, to travel on business
(January 1831). During this trip he learned of the Book of Mormon. A short time later he was baptized by Hyrum Smith. That spring he
moved with his family to Ohio. In September, Jared left Ohio to preach
the gospel in Vermont.
While in Vermont, Brother Carter shared the gospel with Zera Pulsipher. Though Zera was already familiar with the Book of Mormon, Brother Carter
was instrumental in Zera accepting the truth. Pulsipher was baptized by
Brother Carter in January 1832.
"Shortly after joining the Church, Zera Pulsipher
commenced missionary work. According to a family record, while working
on his farm he felt impressed to leave home and begin preaching. The impulse
was so strong that shortly before noon he unyoked his oxen and turned them
into the pasture, then walked to the house and asked his wife for a clean
shirt and a pair of socks.
"'Where on earth are you
going?' she asked.
"'I don't know, only that
I am going to preach the gospel. The Lord will show me where to go. I am
going where He guides me.'
"'How long will you be
gone?' she inquired.
"'I don't know. Just long
enough to do the work the Lord has for me to do'." (The Heaven's
Resound: A History of the Latter-day Saints in Ohio, 1830 to 1838, p104)
Brother Pulsipher began his missionary journey after lunch. He joined
Elijah Cheney. Together they traveled to Richland, New York, where
they held meetings in a school during the evening. They enjoyed success
and soon organized a branch of the Church in Richland. Among those
that were converted by the preaching of these brethren was Wilford Woodruff. He was baptized by Brother Pulsipher on December 31, 1833.
Brother Woodruff made his way to Kirtland in April 1834. A few days
after meeting the Prophet, he joined Zion's Camp on the march to Missouri. Brother Woodruff then served missions in the southern and eastern United
States. In 1839, as a member of the Twelve, Brother Woodruff joined
the second mission to England and was instrumental in the conversion of
hundreds of Saints in Herefordshire.
The Prophet Joseph Smith made numerous trips during the Kirtland period,
often to preach the gospel. He made several trips to Missouri.
He also traveled east to New York City, Albany, and Boston. He also made
trips to Canada.
When the Quorum of the Twelve and the First Quorum of Seventy were organized
in 1835, these brethren received specific mission assignments. In
March of that year the Twelve were sent to the eastern states. After
the dedication of the Kirtland Temple the Twelve and Seventy were again
sent out on missions.
Parley P. Pratt was one of the greatest missionaries of the early Church. He was on a gospel mission when he first learned of the Church. After
joining the Church he continued his missionary efforts, but now he was
armed with truth. Parley joined Elders Cowdery, Whitmer, and
Peterson on that great early missionary journey to Missouri where they
had so much success in Kirtland.
In April 1835, Parley was resting one evening at home in Kirtland with
his wife who was ill. Elder Heber C. Kimball and others came in and
blessed Parley and prophesied, "Thou shalt go
to Upper Canada, even to the city of Toronto, the capital, and there thou
shalt find a people prepared for the fulness of the gospel, and they shall
receive thee, and thou shalt organize the Church among them, and it shall
spread thence into the regions round about, and many shall be brought to
the knowledge of the truth and shall be filled with joy; and from the things
growing out of this mission, shall the fulness of the gospel spread into
England, and cause a great work to be done in that land." (Autobiography
of Parley P. Pratt, p110)
Parley prepared for this mission and a few days later left his home and family for Canada.
At Hamilton, Parley needed to cross Lake Ontario, but had no money to pay
for steamer fare. "I retired to a secret
place in a forest and prayed to the Lord for money to enable me to cross
the lake. I then entered Hamilton and commenced to chat with some of the
people. I had not tarried many minutes before I was accosted by a stranger,
who inquired my name and where I was going. He also asked me if I did not
want some money. I said yes. He then gave me ten dollars and a letter of
introduction to John Taylor, of Toronto, where I arrived the same evening."
Parley was warmly received by John Taylor in Toronto. As well as
a wood turner, John was a class leader and itinerant preacher for the Methodist
Church. John investigated the gospel through Elder Pratt and was
convinced of its truth. Parley baptized John Taylor and his wife
in May 1836.
Parley also had the opportunity of teaching the gospel to James, Mary,
and Mercy Fielding, recent immigrants from England. They wrote their
brother back in England about the restored gospel, Reverend James Fielding,
who became instrumental in opening Britain to the preaching of the gospel
a year later.
Many of the missions during this period had great impact on the future
of the Church, such as those of Parley Pratt and Zera Pulsipher. One could write a book about the great missionary work that went forward
from Kirtland. Among the most important was the opening of the work
outside of the North American continent. As the Kirtland period came
to a close, there were serious problems that threatened the health and
vitality of the Church (see below).
The Prophet Joseph Smith wrote that "God
revealed to me that something new must be done for the salvation of his
Church." (HC, 2:489)
WHAT WAS THIS SOMETHING NEW?
Heber C. Kimball wrote: "On Sunday, the
4th day of June, 1837, the Prophet Joseph came to me, while I was seated
in front of the stand, above the sacrament table, on the Melchizedek side
of the Temple, in Kirtland, and whispering to me, said, 'Brother Heber,
the Spirit of the Lord has whispered to me: "Let my servant Heber go to
England and proclaim my Gospel, and open the door of salvation to that
nation"'." (Life of Heber C. Kimball, p103-104)
Heber was overwhelmed by this call. Said Heber, "O,
Lord, I am a man of stammering tongue, and altogether unfit for such a
work; how can I go to preach in that land, which is so famed throughout
Christendom for learning, knowledge and piety; the nursery of religion;
and to a people whose intelligence is proverbial!" (Ibid., p104)
Heber Kimball was a man of incredible faith. Though he was intimidated
by such a great call, he responded in the positive. "However,
all these considerations did not deter me from the path of duty; the moment
I understood the will of my Heavenly Father, I felt a determination to
go at all hazards, believing that He would support me by His almighty power,
and endow me with every qualification that I needed; and although my family
was dear to me, and I should have to leave them almost destitute, I felt
that the cause of truth, the Gospel of Christ, outweighed every other consideration."
Leaving on a mission is never easy. I recall the day of my departure
years ago. It was a tearful day as I said goodbye to friends
and family, realizing I would not see them for two years. Robert B.
Thompson went to Heber's house on the day of Heber's departure for England. He found the door open and saw Heber, with his family, pouring out his
heart to the Lord to care for his family and to prosper his mission. Heber then laid his hands upon each of his family members and invoked the
blessings of the Lord upon them while he was absent.
Brother Thompson wrote, "While thus engaged his
voice was almost lost in the sobs of those around, who tried in vain to
suppress them. The idea of being separated from their protector and father
for so long a time was indeed painful. He proceeded, but his heart was
too much affected to do so regularly. His emotions were great, and he was
obliged to stop at intervals, while the big tears rolled down his cheeks,
an index to the feelings which reigned in his bosom. My heart was not stout
enough to refrain; in spite of myself I wept, and mingled my tears with
theirs. At the same time I felt thankful that I had the privilege of contemplating
such a scene. I realized that nothing could induce that man to tear himself
from so affectionate a family group, from his partner and children who
were so dear to him—nothing but a sense of duty and love to God and attachment
to His cause." (Ibid., pp108-109)
Heber left Kirtland for England on June 13, 1837. He was accompanied
by Williard Richards, Orson Hyde, and Joseph Fielding. A few days
later they were joined on this important mission by Isaac Russell, John
Goodson and John Snyder. Can you imagine leaving for such a mission
just a few days after receiving the call.
These missionaries arrived in Liverpool on July 20, 1837.
"Immediately after we anchored, a small boat came
along-side, when several of the passengers, with Brothers Hyde, Richards,
Goodson and myself got in and went to shore. When we were within six or
seven feet of the pier, I leaped on shore, followed by Elders Hyde and
Richards, and for the first time in my life I stood on British ground,
among strangers, whose manners and customs were different from my own.
My feelings at that time were peculiar, particularly when I realized the
importance and extent of my mission; the work to which I had been appointed,
and in which I was shortly to be engaged. However, I put my trust in God,
believing that He would assist me in publishing the truth, give me utterance,
and be a present help in time of need." (Life of Heber C. Kimball,
Joseph Fielding's brother, Reverend James Fielding, was a minister in Preston. On Sunday, July 23, the missionaries went to hear him preach. Reverend
Fielding invited these missionaries from America to preach in his church
that afternoon and again that evening. Thus began the great missionary
work in England.
Within a few days, many of Reverend Fielding's congregation were convinced
of the truth and sought baptism. When Reverend Fielding discovered
that many of his flock had desired to be baptized, he closed the doors of his church
to any further preaching by these missionaries. Heber wrote, "Having
now no public place to preach in, we began to preach at night in private
houses, which were opened in every direction, when numbers came to hear
and believed the Gospel" (Ibid., p129)
Heber was prepared to perform the first baptisms in the River Ribble on
Sunday, July 30. Early on Sunday morning, Isaac Russell came up to
the room where Heber Kimball and Orson Hyde were sleeping. Elder
Russell called out, "Brother Kimball, I want you
should get up and pray for me that I may be delivered from the evil spirits
that are tormenting me to such a degree that I feel I cannot live long,
unless I obtain relief" (Ibid., p129). Elders Hyde and
Kimball arose from their beds and laid their hands upon Elder Russell,
blessed him, and cast the evil spirit out.
Satan was determined to stop the important work that was about to go forward
in England. Heber wrote that while he was blessing Elder Russell,
"I was struck with great force by some invisible power, and fell senseless
on the floor" (Ibid., p130). Heber was picked up by Orson
Hyde and Willard Richards. A great vision of the legions of Satan
was opened to these brethren. Heber wrote, "A
vision was opened to our minds, and we could distinctly see the evil spirits,
who foamed and gnashed their teeth at us. We gazed upon them about an hour
and a half (by Willard's watch). We were not looking towards the window,
but towards the wall. Space appeared before us, and we saw the devils coming
in legions, with their leaders, who came within a few feet of us. They
came towards us like armies rushing to battle. They appeared to be men
of full stature, possessing every form and feature of men in the flesh,
who were angry and desperate; and I shall never forget the vindictive malignity
depicted on their countenances as they looked me in the eye; and any attempt
to paint the scene which then presented itself, or portray their malice
and enmity, would be vain" (Ibid., pp130-131). It was
a horrible scene. Heber said, "I cannot
even look back on the scene without feelings of horror; yet by it I learned
the power of the adversary, his enmity against the servants of God, and
got some understanding of the invisible world. We distinctly heard those
spirits talk and express their wrath and hellish designs against us. However,
the Lord delivered us from them, and blessed us exceedingly that day"
Elder Orson F. Whitney, in writing Heber's biography, related the following
account: "Years later, narrating the experience
of that awful morning to the Prophet Joseph, Heber asked him what it all
meant, and whether there was anything wrong with him that he should have
such a manifestation.
"'No, Brother Heber,' he
replied, 'at that time you were nigh unto the Lord; there was only a veil
between you and Him, but you could not see Him. When I heard of it, it
gave me great joy, for I then knew that the work of God had taken root
in that land. It was this that caused the devil to make a struggle to kill
you'." (Ibid., pp131-132)
Though Reverend Fielding and the legions of Satan had attempted to stop
the great missionary work in England, Heber baptized nine new Saints in
the River Ribble on that Sabbath morning with several thousand persons
observing the event from shore.
- Heber C. Kimball: "A circumstance took place
which I cannot refrain from mentioning, for it will show the eagerness
and anxiety of some in that land to obey the Gospel. Two of the male candidates,
when they had changed their clothes at a distance of several rods from
the place where I was standing in the water, were so anxious to obey the
Gospel that they ran with all their might to the water, each wishing to
be baptized first. The younger, George D. Watt, being quicker of foot than
the elder, outran him, and came first into the water." (Ibid.,
And thus began the great missionary work in England. Over the next
several months, the work continued. Hundreds were baptized and many
branches of the Church were organized. The stories are remarkable. As Heber prepared to return to America, he relates an account of his visit
to the branches in Clithero and Chatburn. "On
the morning when I left Chatburn many were in tears, thinking they should
see my face no more. When I left them, my feelings were such as I cannot
describe. As I walked down the street I was followed by numbers; the doors
were crowded by the inmates of the houses to bid me farewell, who could
only give vent to their grief in sobs and broken accents. While contemplating
this scene I was constrained to take off my hat, for I felt as if the place
was holy ground. The Spirit of the Lord rested down upon me and I was constrained
to bless that whole region of country. I was followed by a great number
to Clithero, a considerable distance from the villages, who could then
hardly separate from me. My heart was like unto theirs, and I thought my
head was a fountain of tears, for I wept for several miles after I bid
them adieu. I had to leave the road three times to go to streams of water
to bathe my eyes." (Ibid., pp187-188)
On April 1, 1838, a conference of the Church was held in Preston. Joseph Fielding was sustained by the conference to succeed Heber as president
of the British mission. Willard Richards was made his first counselor,
and an English convert, William Clayton, was set apart as second counselor.
- On April 20, 1838, Heber Kimball and Orson Hyde set sail for America arriving
back in Kirtland a month later. The foundation for the work in the
British Isles had been laid. The work would continue and accelerate
even faster when a mission of the Twelve, led by Brigham Young, followed
Troubles In Kirtland
Economic difficulties in Kirtland.
Following the dedication of the Kirtland Temple, the Church remained in debt
for $13,000. There was also a $6,000 deficit that had accumulated in Missouri.
The Saints were poor and could do little to help. By the summer of 1836,
the indebtedness of the Church weighed heavily upon the Church leaders.
About this time, a member of the Church by the name of Burgess arrived
in Kirtland with a story of a large amount of money hidden in an abandoned
house in Salem, Massachusetts.
- Burgess said the he alone knew of its hiding place. It was secreted in the
cellar of a house that belonged to a widow who had since passed away.
The brethren believed Burgess and Joseph, Hyrum, Oliver, and Sidney traveled
to Salem in hopes of finding this treasure to help alleviate the financial
burden of the Church.
- They met this Burgess in Salem. He said that the town had changed so much
that he could not find the house with the treasure.
They had no success with the treasure, but they did preach the gospel with
Section 111 was given to the Prophet in Salem on August 6, 1836 in response
to their trip.
Said the Lord, "I, the Lord your God, am not displeased
with your coming this journey, notwithstanding your follies. I have much treasure
in this city for you, for the benefit of Zion, and many people in this
city, whom I will gather out in due time for the benefit of Zion, through
your instrumentality.... Concern not yourselves
about your debts, for I will give you power to pay them." (D&C
After returning from Salem, Joseph met with some of the other elders and
drew up articles of agreement in preparation for organizing a banking institution.
Joseph and others felt this was necessary due to the difficulty of dealing
with other banks. He felt that the membership of the Church would
be best served by having an institution of their own.
This institution was organized in January 1837 under the name, Kirtland
Safety Society Anti-banking Company.
It could not be organized as a bank since their petition for incorporation
to the state of Ohio was rejected.
It was organized to make capital out of idle land through the process of
It was backed by Mormon land and the sale of stock to members.
Notes could then be issued to land purchasers secured with mortgages on
Notes sold for significantly less than face value in hopes that investors
would eventually purchase the entire face value.
1837 was not a good time to start a banking institution.
Disaster struck the nation in May and by June over 800 banks had collapsed.
The Kirtland bank was caught in storm of the depression of 1837.
When the bank opened, many of the members got caught up in the spirit of
"Many who had been humble and faithful in the
performance of duty in the Church had become haughty in spirit and lifted
up in pride." (Ivan J. Barrett, Joseph Smith and the Restoration,
The Prophet said of this time, "As the fruits
of this spirit, evil surmisings, fault-finding, disunion, dissension, and
apostasy followed in quick succession, and it seemed as though all the powers of
earth and hell were combining their influence in an especial manner to overthrow
the Church at once, and make a final end." (HC,
When the Saints generally ignored his counsel and failed to meet their
obligation, the Prophet resigned as treasurer in the Society.
Due to the spirit of speculation and the depression of 1837, the Kirtland
bank also collapsed.
Many placed the blame on the Prophet.
In May, while the Prophet was on a mission in Michigan, certain members
of the Twelve, the witnesses to the Book of Mormon, and other Church authorities
met in the temple.
Some proposed that Joseph be dropped as the Prophet and David Whitmer be
named to take his place.
Brigham Young stood in defense of the Prophet. "I
rose up, and in a plain and forcible manner told them that Joseph was a
Prophet, and I knew it, and that they might rail and slander him as much
as they pleased; they could not destroy the appointment of the Prophet
of God, they could only destroy their own authority, cut the thread that
bound them to the Prophet and to God, and sink themselves to hell. Many
were highly enraged at my decided opposition to their measures. … This
meeting was broken up without the apostates being able to unite on any
decided measures of opposition" (Manuscript History of Brigham
Jacob Bump, a former boxer, could hardly sit still. He was held in
his seat while he attempted to get up and go after Brigham.
After returning from a mission to Canada, even Parley Pratt got caught
up in evil spirit that seemed to permeate Kirtland. Fortunately,
Parley saw the error of his ways and went to the Prophet asking forgiveness.
Kirtland was in turmoil and the Church was in trouble.
Joseph said, "God revealed to me that something
new must be done for the salvation of his Church." (HC, 2:489)
On June 4, 1837, Joseph spoke to Heber C. Kimball in the Kirtland Temple. Joseph told Heber that the Lord had called him to open the missionary work
Within days, Heber, Orson Hyde, Willard Richards, and three others left
for England to begin the great work of salvation in that nation.
July 27, 1837: The Prophet left Kirtland with Sidney Rigdon and Thomas
Marsh to visit the Saints in Canada. They returned at the end of August.
While they were away, the servants of Satan were busy stirring up the Saints
September 3, 1837: A conference was held in the temple.
Knowing that the apostates would attempt to vote Joseph out of office,
Brigham Young went to every brother whose vote he could rely on and asked
them to occupy the stand and prominent seats.
The Prophet was sustained, as was Sidney Rigdon. Frederick G. Williams
was not sustained.
September 27, 1837: The Prophet and Sidney left for Missouri to establish
places of gathering.
With Joseph in Missouri, the dissenters had the field to themselves.
Some talked of taking over the Church and even throwing out the Book of
- Martin Harris was among the dissenters, but he bore testimony to the truthfulness
of the Book of Mormon and told them they would be damned if they rejected
There was an attempt to start a fire in the temple.
Before Joseph and Sidney returned, the high council in Kirtland took action
against nearly fifty apostates including Warren Parrish, Martin Harris, Luke
S. Johnson, and John F. Boynton.
November 7, 1837: At a conference in Far West, Hyrum Smith was sustained
as a counselor to replace Frederick G. Williams.
December 10, 1837: Joseph, Sidney, and Hyrum return from Far West.
December 22, 1837: Brigham Young was forced to flee Kirtland to escape
an attempt on his life because of his bold defense of the Prophet.
Early in 1838, the dissenters seized control of the temple.
There was a plot to assassinate Joseph and Sidney. Joseph was warned
in time to be placed in a box nailed on an ox-cart and driven out of town
to safety. A friend met him with his favorite horse, Old Charley,
where Joseph continued through the night until he was a safe distance from
The Prophet made his way to Missouri arriving there in March 1838.
Members of the Church in Kirtland began leaving as fast as preparations
could be made. The following July, a group of 600 persons, known
as the Kirtland Camp made their way to Far West.
Thus ended the Kirtland period, a time of restoration, revelation, and
growth for the young church. Though the Kirtland era ended in tragedy,
with many faithful having apostatized, it remains a wonderful and glorious
period in Church history. The great work of restoration continued
during this period. Many future leaders of the Church were baptized
during this time, including Brigham Young, Heber Kimball, John Taylor,
Wilford Woodruff, and Lorenzo Snow. These men and so many other faithful
Saints endured the trials in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois, to lead the
Church west and lay the foundation for the work that has now spread to
many nations of the world and has blessed the lives of millions.
Gospel Doctrine Notebook
Record your thoughts on the Kirtland period of Church history and the
great missionary work that was expanded during this time. What can you do to
aid the cause of building Zion?
Resources Used In This Lesson
Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt.
Essentials In Church History by Joseph Fielding Smith.
History of the Church (HC).
Joseph Smith and the Restoration by Ivan J. Barrett.
Life of Heber C. Kimball by Orson F. Whitney.
Manuscript History of Brigham Young.
The Heaven's Resound: A History of the Latter-day Saints in Ohio, 1830 to 1838,
by Milton V. Backman, Jr.
The Presidents of the Church by Preston Nibley.
Who's Who In the Doctrine & Covenants by Susan Easton Black.
Gospel Doctrine Class
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Changes last made on:
09 June 2017