Straightway Left Their Nets”
Jesus announces that he is the Messiah.
Jesus calls his Twelve Apostles.
Jesus ordains and instructs the Twelve Apostles.
A study of this lesson will help us understand that Apostles are called to be
special witnesses of Jesus Christ and that we are blessed when we sustain and
Scripture references for study:
Note: Underlined scripture references have been hyperlinked
to the LDS Scriptures at LDS.org and will open in a new window.
Lesson 6 Handout (PDF
Jesus Announces That He Is The Messiah
LUKE 4:16-21. Jesus returns to Nazareth and teaches
The Lord quoted from a prophecy of Isaiah, with slight
Luke: "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because
he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he
hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance
to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty
them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the Lord."
Isaiah: "The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me;
because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek;
he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the
captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; To proclaim
the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to
comfort all that mourn." (Isaiah 61:1-2)
WHEN JESUS FINISHED READING THE PASSAGE FROM ISAIAH, WHAT TESTIMONY DID
"This day is this scripture fulfilled in your
He declared that he was the Messiah of whom Isaiah prophesied and for whom
the Jews had been waiting for centuries.
LUKE 4:28-30. The people rise up in wrath against
Jesus (see also verses 22-27).
HOW DID THE PEOPLE IN THE SYNAGOGUE RESPOND TO JESUS' DECLARATION?
WHY DID THE PEOPLE IN THE SYNAGOGUE HAVE DIFFICULTY ACCEPTING JESUS AS
These people watched Jesus grow up in their village. They probably thought,
"How could this man they had known from boyhood possibly be the Messiah
prophesied by the ancient prophets?"
WHAT LESSONS CAN WE LEARN FROM THIS INCIDENT?
We need o be careful that we are not rejecting the Savior in our daily
We need to be careful not to reject truth when it is presented to us. Do
we heed the words of the modern prophets or do we reject them by inaction?
HOW CAN WE STRENGTHEN OUR CONVICTION THAT JESUS IS THE CHRIST?
Jesus Calls His Twelve Apostles
"And it came to pass, that, as the
people pressed upon him to hear the word of God, he stood by the lake of
Gennesaret, And saw two ships
standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were
washing their nets." (Luke 5:1-2)
Jesus entered into one of these ships which belonged to Simon, and had
Simon move the boat out from the land. The Lord used Simon's boat as a
platform to teach the people.
LUKE 5:4-11. A great catch of fish.
WHAT DID JESUS TELL THESE FISHERMEN ABOUT HOW THEIR LIVES WOULD CHANGE
IF THEY WOULD FOLLOW HIM?
"...from henceforth thou shalt catch men"
"Come ye after me, and I will make you to become
fishers of men" (Mark 1:17).
"And after these things he went forth, and saw a publican, named Levi,
sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said unto him, Follow me. And
he left all, rose up, and followed him." (Luke 5:27-28)
WHAT IS A PUBLICAN AND WHO IS LEVI?
Publican = tax collector. "Publican, in
the Gospels, is derived from the publicanus of the Vulgate, and signifies
a member or employee of the Roman financial companies who farmed the taxes.
From the time of the Republic the Roman State relieved itself of the trouble
of collecting the taxes in the provinces by putting up the taxes of each
in a lump sum to auction. The highest bidder received the authorization
to extort the sum from the province in question. Such a system afforded
ample opportunity for rapacious exactions on the part of the company and
its officials, and the abuses were often intolerable. On account of these,
and more, perhaps, because of the natural though impotent Jewish hatred
of the Roman supremacy, those of the Jews who found it profitable thus
to serve the foreign rulers were objects of execration to their countrymen."
Levi = Matthew.
These men, and others, were willing to walk away and do the will of the
Lord when he came and said, "Follow me."
HOW DO WE RESPOND WHEN THE LORD, THROUGH HIS SERVANTS, ASKS US TO DO SOMETHING?
WHY WAS THE CALLING OF THE TWELVE SUCH AN IMPORTANT EVENT IN THE LORD'S
Elder James E. Talmage: "The Holy Apostleship
is an office and calling belonging to the Higher or Melchizedek Priesthood,
at once exalted and specific, comprising as a distinguishing function that
of personal and special witness to the divinity of Jesus Christ as the
one and only Redeemer and Savior of mankind." (Jesus the Christ,
It was the beginning of the organization of his church.
The Apostles became the foundation of the Church (see
MATTHEW 9:36-38. The time was ripe for the calling
of additional ministers.
LUKE 6:12-13. The Lord prepares Himself for the
calling of the Twelve.
HOW DID THE LORD PREPARE HIMSELF TO MAKE THESE CALLINGS TO TWELVE
OF HIS DISCIPLES?
Jesus humbled himself before the Father.
He counseled with the Father.
As we seek to become like the Master, he has provided us with the pattern.
The Lord and Master of the universe, counsels with the Father on whom he
should select as his apostles.
SHOULD WE DO ANY LESS AS WE FACE IMPORTANT CHALLENGES AND DECISIONS IN LIFE?
HOW WAS THE QUORUM OF THE TWELVE REINSTITUTED IN THIS DISPENSATION?
- The duty for naming the first quorum was imposed by revelation upon the
Three Witness (see
Section 18 given June 1829).
February 14, 1835: At a special meeting held in Kirtland twelve
Apostles were chosen by the Three Witnesses.
The majority of the Twelve were chosen from those who participated in Zion's
HOW ARE APOSTLES CALLED TODAY?
"For an hour or more the Church Presidency and
Council of Twelve Apostles, meeting in the Salt Lake Temple in April, 1910,
had discussed various men as possibilities to fill the vacancy in the council
occasioned by the death of President John R. Winder on March 27, and the
subsequent advancement of Apostle John Henry Smith to the presidency. But
to every name suggested there was some exception taken. It seemed impossible
to reach any unanimity of feeling in the matter. Finally President Joseph
F. Smith retired to a room by himself and knelt in prayer for guidance.
When he returned he somewhat hesitantly asked the 13 other brethren whether
they would be willing to consider his son Joseph Fielding Smith Jr. for
the position. He was reluctant to suggest it, he said, because....Church
members, he feared, would be disgruntled to have another of his sons appointed
as a general authority. Nevertheless he felt inspired to offer Joseph's
name for their consideration. The other men seemed immediately receptive
to the suggestion and sustained President Smith in it.... "Years later Heber
J. Grant, who by then was president of the Church and who was present in
the council meeting in the temple the day Joseph was chosen in 1910, assured
a group of the correctness of the decision: It was at a Smith family reunion.
President Grant pointed to Joseph Fielding and said, 'That man was called
by direct revelation of God. I am a witness of that fact'."
(The Life of Joseph Fielding Smith, pp174 & 177)
Receiving The Servants Of The Lord
MATTHEW 10:40-42. Those that receive the Lord's
servants to be blessed.
"And if my people will hearken unto my voice,
and unto the voice of my servants whom I have appointed to lead my people,
behold, verily I say unto you, they shall not be moved out of their place. But if they will
not hearken to my voice, nor unto the voice of these men whom I have appointed,
they shall not be blest, because they pollute mine holy grounds, and mine
holy ordinances, and charters, and my holy words which I give unto them."
WHAT BLESSINGS ARE PROMISED TO THOSE WHO FOLLOW THE APOSTLES?
The reward of a prophet and a righteous man.
They will not be moved out of their place in the kingdom.
President Joseph Fielding Smith: "May I now say--very
plainly and very emphatically--that we have the holy priesthood and that
the keys of kingdom of God are here. They are found only in The Church
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints... "Now brethren, I
think there is one thing which we should have exceedingly clear in our
minds. Neither the President of the Church, nor the First Presidency and
the Twelve will ever lead the Saints astray or send forth counsel to the
world that is contrary to the mind and will of the Lord." (CR,
President Spencer W. Kimball: "No one in this
Church will ever go far astray who ties himself securely to the authorities
whom the Lord has placed in his Church. This Church will never go astray;
the Quorum of the Twelve will never lead you into bypaths; it never has
and never will. There could be individuals who would falter; there will
never be a majority of the Council of the Twelve on the wrong side at any
time. The Lord has chosen them; he has given them specific responsibilities.
And those people who stand close to them will be safe. And, conversely,
whenever one begins to go his own way in opposition to authority, he is
in grave danger. " (Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, p459)
HOW CAN WE RECEIVE THOSE WHOM THE LORD HAS CHOSEN TO LEAD US TODAY?
By prayerfully studying their messages.
Seeking to incorporate those messages in our lives.
WHO ARE THE CURRENT MEMBERS OF THE QUORUM OF THE TWELVE, IN ORDER OF SENIORITY?
Russell M. Nelson
M. Russell Ballard
Jeffrey R. Holland
My Personal Thoughts:
Though they may not know it, the members of the Quorum of the Twelve are
my friends. They are my counselors, my guides, my teachers, and my example
of righteous priesthood bearers.
Over the years I have looked to these men and loved to hear them teach.
As I go back in my memory I recall many teaching moments in the presence
of these great men (whether live, by television, by radio, or by recording).
I had the privilege prior to my graduation in seminary of traveling to
Salt Lake City and hearing Elder LeGrand Richards speak to our group. His
enthusiasm and love for the gospel is contagious. One time when I attended
General Conference, Elder Richards was called to speak and the Tabernacle
came alive. The Saints loved Elder Richards and Elder Richards obviously
loved the Saints. And who can forget the powerful witness of Jesus Christ
given by Elder Bruce R. McConkie in his last General Conference. Our hearts
were touched for we knew that he knew the living Christ. Some years
ago, as president of the Quorum, Elder Howard W. Hunter visited our stake.
Though he used a walker to get around, his spirit was vibrant and we were
inspired to hear his words.
As I think back through the years, I recall the wonderful words of Elder Joseph
Fielding Smith, Elder Mark E. Peterson, Elder Richard L. Evans, Elder Ezra Taft
Benson, and so many others. And what about our current apostles? The clear,
understandable teachings of Elder Packer. The enthusiasm of Elder Perry. The
clear teachings from Elder Oaks. The depth
of wisdom of Elder Holland. And I could go on with each of the Brethren.
They have all touched me in some way. Truly they are servants of Jesus
Christ. I have received that witness time and time again. As I have heeded
their words, the way has been made clear and my life has been blessed and
Gospel Doctrine Notebook
Anciently, the Lord called twelve special witnesses to assist him in the
important ministry of building the kingdom of God. These apostles became
the foundation of Christ's earthly kingdom. When the Lord restored his
church to the earth in these last days, once again twelve apostles were
called to become the foundation of the kingdom. These men represent the
Lord in administering his kingdom and teaching his truth. As we heed their
counsel, we will be blessed and receive the "reward of a prophet."
Record your thoughts on the Lord's calling of the Twelve. How do the
teachings of the latter-day Twelve make a difference in your life?
Resources Used In This Lesson
Catholic Encyclopedia - http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/.
Conference Reports (CR).
Jesus the Christ by James E. Talmage.
Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball.
The Life of Joseph Fielding Smith by Joseph Fielding
Smith, Jr. and John J. Stewart.
Gospel Doctrine Class
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Changes last made on:
02 January 2015