New Testament
Lesson 26
“To This End Was I Born”


Lesson Highlights

A study of this lesson will help us feel the Savior’s love and increase our love for him and our gratitude for his atoning sacrifice.

Scripture references for study:  Matthew 26:47–27:66; Mark 14:43–15:39; Luke 22:47–23:56; John 18–19
    Note: Underlined scripture references have been hyperlinked to the LDS Scriptures at LDS.org and will open in a new window.

Lesson 26 Handout (PDF format)


Betrayal & Arrest

  1. In concluding his narration of the events in Gethsemane, Elder James E. Talmage says: "The further tragedy of the night, and the cruel inflictions that awaited Him on the morrow, to culminate in the frightful tortures of the cross, could not exceed the bitter anguish through which He had successfully passed." (Jesus The Christ, p614)
  2. Elder Talmage gives a description of the approaching arrest party: "During the period of the Lord's last and most loving communion with the Eleven, Judas had been busy in his treacherous conspiracy with the priestly authorities. It is probable that the determination to make the arrest that night was reached when Judas reported that Jesus was within the city walls and might easily be apprehended. The Jewish rulers assembled a body of temple guardsmen or police, and obtained a band of Roman soldiers under command of a tribune; this band or cohort was probably a detachment from the garrison of Antonia commissioned for the work of the night on requisition of the chief priests. This company of men and officers representing a combination of ecclesiastical and military authority, set forth in the night with Judas at their head, intent on the arrest of Jesus. They were equipped with lanterns, torches, and weapons. It is probable that they were first conducted to the house in which Judas had left his fellow apostles and the Lord, when the traitor had been dismissed; and that finding the little company had gone out, Judas led the multitude to Gethsemane, for he knew the place, and knew also that 'Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples'." (Jesus The Christ, pp614-615)
  3. READ MATTHEW 26:46-50. Jesus betrayed.
  4. READ LUKE 22:50-51. The ear of a servant cut off and healed.
  5. READ LUKE 22:52-53. Jesus identifies his illegal arrest.

The Trial and Condemnation

  1. READ JOHN 18:12-13. Jesus led to Annas.
  2. READ MATTHEW 26:57. Jesus led to the home of Caiaphas.
  3. READ MATTHEW 26:59-68. Jesus questioned by the Sanhedrin at the home of Caiaphas.
  4. READ LUKE 22:54-62. Peter's denial of Christ.
  5. "And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate."
  6. (Mark 15:1)
  7. READ LUKE 23:8-11. Jesus before Herod.
  8. READ LUKE 23:13-23. Jesus before Pilate a second time.

Crucifixion

  1. READ MATTHEW 27:27-31. Soldiers mock Jesus.
  2. "And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross."
  3. (Matthew 27:32)
  4. Seven statements made by Christ from the Cross.
  5. Elder Talmage: "The death of Christ was accompanied by terrifying phenomena. There was a violent earthquake; the rocks of the mighty hills were disrupted, and many graves were torn open. But, most portentous of all in Judaistic minds, the veil of the temple which hung between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies was rent from top to bottom, and the interior, which none but the high priest had been permitted to see, was thrown open to common gaze. It was the rending of Judaism, the consummation of the Mosaic dispensation, and the inauguration of Christianity under apostolic administration." (Jesus The Christ, p662)
  6. READ LUKE 23:47-56. Jesus buried.

Gospel Doctrine Notebook

Human language is insufficient to describe the magnitude and significance of what happened in these last hours of Jesus life. The plans of eternity were set in force by this ultimate sacrifice. Countless souls from this earth, as well as worlds without number, may now be freed from the bonds eternity. How can we invoke the blessings of the atonement in our lives? How will we show our gratitude to the Savior for this great sacrifice?

Record your thoughts on the final events of the Savior's life. In what ways can you better honor that sacrifice?


Resources Used In This Lesson

Doctrinal New Testament Commentary by Bruce R. McConkie (DNTC).

Ensign.

Jesus the Christ by James E. Talmage.

Speeches of the Year, BYU Press.

Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith selected and arranged by Joseph Fielding Smith.


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Changes last made on:  17 June 2015