Old Testament
Lesson 22
“The Lord Looketh on the Heart”


Lesson Highlights

A study of this lesson will encourage us to trust in the Lord rather than our own understanding.

Scripture references for study:  1 Samuel 9–11; 1 Samuel 13; 1 Samuel 15–17
    Note: Underlined scripture references have been hyperlinked to the LDS Scriptures at LDS.org and will open in a new window.

Lesson 22 Handout (PDF format)


Saul Anointed To Be King

  1. As discussed in the Lesson 21, the Israelites asked Samuel to appoint a king.
  2. Who Is Saul?
  3. Kish sent Saul out to find his lost donkeys (1 Samuel 9:3-14).
  4. READ 1 SAMUEL 9:15-17. The calling of Saul was revealed to Samuel.
  5. Samuel assembled the tribes of  Israel and presented Saul.
  6. The Ammonite army attacked the tribes east of Jordan.
  7. We see in Saul, a young man who had been prepared to assume leadership in Israel.

Saul Offers A Burnt Offering

  1. The Israelites attacked a garrison of the Philistines. When the Philistines heard of this they gathered their armed might together to go against Israel (1 Samuel 13:3-5).
  2. Samuel was to come and make offerings to the Lord in behalf of the people.
  3. WHAT WAS SAMUEL'S RESPONSE TO SAUL?
  4. WHY DID THE LORD REJECT THIS OFFERING?
  5. Saul's unauthorized sacrifice showed a lack of trust in God.
  6. HOW DID SAUL REACT WHEN SAMUEL QUESTIONED HIM ABOUT MAKING AN OFFERING WITHOUT AUTHORITY?

Saul Disobeys The Lord In The Battle With The Amalekites

  1. Saul was commanded by the Lord, through Samuel, to go up against the Amalekites and to "destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and women, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass" (1 Samuel 15:3).
  2. READ 1 SAMUEL 15:22-23. Samuel's response to Saul.
  3. READ 1 SAMUEL 15:24-25. Saul's plea for forgiveness.

The Lord Chooses David As King

  1. Since the Lord had rejected Saul as king, he commanded Samuel to go to the house of Jesse and anoint one of his sons, whom the Lord had chosen, as king (1 Samuel 16:1).
  2. Samuel went down to Bethlehem and called Jesse and his sons to the sacrifice (1 Samuel 16:5).
  3. READ 1 SAMUEL 16:6-7. Eliab brought before Samuel and rejected.
  4. READ 1 SAMUEL 16:10-13. David chosen and anointed.

David Slays Goliath In The Strength Of The Lord

  1. Israel and the Philistines had gathered to do battle (see 1 Samuel 17).
  2. The Philistines had among them "a champion...named Goliath, of Gath" (1 Samuel 17:4).
  3. Goliath's challenge.
  4. Three of the sons of Jesse followed Saul to battle the Philistines, but David returned to Bethlehem where he cared for his father's sheep (1 Samuel 17:13-15).
  5. As instructed by his father, David took some food to his brothers who had joined Saul in the battle against the Philistines (1 Samuel 17:17-20).
  6. READ 1 SAMUEL 17:32-33, 37. David volunteers to battle Goliath.
  7. Saul attempted to arm David with his armor and a sword, "And David put them off him. And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine." (1 Samuel 17:39-40)
  8. READ 1 Samuel 17:48-49. David meets the challenge and slays Goliath.
  9. WHAT GOLIATHS DO WE ENCOUNTER TODAY?
  10. President Gordon B. Hinckley, "There are Goliaths all around you, hulking giants with evil intent to destroy you. These are not nine-foot-tall men, but they are men and institutions that control attractive but evil things that may challenge and weaken and destroy you. Included in these are beer and other liquors and tobacco. Those who market these products would like to enslave you into their use. There are drugs of various kinds which, I am told, are relatively easy to obtain in many high schools. For those who peddle them, this is a multimillion-dollar industry, a giant web of evil. There is pornography, seductive and interesting and inviting. It has become a giant industry, producing magazines, films, and other materials designed to take your money and lead you toward activities that would destroy you.

  11.     "The giants who are behind these efforts are formidable and skillful. They have gained vast experience in the war they are carrying on. They would like to ensnare you.
        "It is almost impossible to entirely avoid exposure to their products. You see these materials on all sides. But you need not fear if you have the slingshot of truth in your hands. You have been counseled and taught and advised. You have the stones of virtue and honor and integrity to use against these enemies who would like to conquer you. Insofar as you are concerned, you can hit them 'between the eye,' to use a figurative expression. You can triumph over them by disciplining yourselves to avoid them. You can say to the whole lot of them as David said to Goliath, 'Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, who thou hast defied.'
        "Victory will be yours.... You have His power within you to sustain you. You have the right to ministering angels about you to protect you. Do not let Goliath frighten you. Stand your ground and hold your place, and you will be triumphant." (Ensign, May 1983, p46, 51)


Gospel Doctrine Notebook

  1. The stories of Saul and David are great examples of what happens when we are obedient to the Lord and trust in him or disobey the Lord's commandments by our lack of faith. Saul lost his position due to his lack of trust and obedience. Young David was able to conquer the foe of Israel by his faith in the Lord. The same is true for us today. We must have faith in the Lord and obey his commandments if we expect to be supported by him in times of difficulty. Sometimes patience is required. The Lord will perform his will in his own due time.
  2. Record your thoughts on Saul and David. Why did Saul lose favor with the Lord? Why was David blessed of the Lord? How can you be more faithful and avoid the pitfalls that befell Saul?


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